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Without summits, a West Asia ‘Quad’ makes progress

President Biden’s participation in the Indo-Pacific “Quad” summit, which groups Australia, Japan, India and the United States in competition with China, demonstrates the importance of East Asia and the South Pacific in current US policy. I am. But what appears to be greater progress is the different groups of the four countries.

West Asian Quad-India, Israel, United Arab Emirates, US Group- Release In October 2021, there were far fewer fanfares than those associated with the Indo-Pacific partnership. But it has already brought about free trade agreements and multiple co-operative agreements. Unlike the Indo-Pacific quad, which avoids strict security questions, the West Asian partnership employs a realistic assessment of shared threats.

The idea of ​​the West Asian Quad came from Israel and the United Arab Emirates. support From US Secretary of State Antony Blinken, each other’s “Complementary functionIsraeli Foreign Minister in the Middle East Yair Lapid He emphasized “synergies” in “infrastructure, digital infrastructure, transportation and maritime security”.

Instead of focusing on the challenges from a single rising force, the West Asian Quad, in the words of UAE Foreign Minister Abdullah Binzaid, said, “DistinctionThe relationship between these countries. India’s Foreign Minister S. Jaishankar said that the UAE, Israel, and the United States are India’s “Closest relationshipThese close relationships allow the four countries to cooperate more actively.

In early May, the UAE Minister of Economy led a 70-member business. Delegation We went to Delhi and Mumbai to discuss ways to further promote trade and investment in India and the United Arab Emirates.This was a follow-up until February 2022 Free trade agreement Signed by both countries and entered into force on May 1.A similar free trade agreement already exists between Israel and the United Arab Emirates, but the agreement between India and Israel is pipeline..

The United Arab Emirates is already one of India’s top trading partners, just behind the United States, China and the European Union. Transaction volume.. Last year, bilateral trade between the two countries was $ 59 billion, and Emiratis companies invested $ 18 billion in India. The United Arab Emirates also accepts 3.4 million Indian workers, whose remittances are a key component of India’s $ 83 billion hard currency revenue. money transfer.. The United Arab Emirates has helped address India’s concerns about oil security by contributing to India’s oil security. Strategic oil reserves..

The partnership between Israel and India is also strong, with Israel being one of the top three suppliers of defense equipment to India.43 percent of Israel Weapon export Sold to India.India’s bilateral trade with Israel, now $ 4.14 Billion, growing. Israel exports agricultural technology, cyber technology, healthcare technology and defense equipment to India, which sells mineral products, machinery and textiles to Israel.

The West Asian Quad is united by common interests and complementary capabilities. This is unlike the Indo-Pacific Quad, where partners do not always provide other needs despite the enthusiasm of the United States. Like Israel, India and the United Arab Emirates, the four countries do not seem to have free trade agreements. Each of them knows they have to cooperate with China, but it seems that it takes time to understand what they can get from each other. For example, Japan is trying to replace China as Australia’s major trading partner, but in return it cannot offer Australia a security advantage.

There is no such ambiguity in the West Asian Quad. While the United States exerts its military power, other partners can make significant contributions to each other’s security and economy. The Strategic Practicalism of the United Arab Emirates provides India with a grouping glue while guaranteeing energy supply and employment opportunities for a vast population. The United Arab Emirates sees India as an external force that balances China and is not seen by the United States as a threat.

Israel’s technological and economic power, as well as the power of military intelligence, is in good coordination with India’s ability to provide human resources and access to large markets. The UAE’s bold move to recognize Israel and its firm commitment to the Abraham Agreement have brought the UAE closer to Israel.

This puts the UAE in a position to influence Israel in protecting the Palestinians in Gaza and the West Bank, and at the same time is the strongest opposition to the radical Islamic extremists. India, home to 200 million Muslims and victims of terrorism, such as the November 26, 2008 attack on Mumbai, appreciates Israeli and Emiratis’ support for terrorists.

The West Asian Quad serves to connect the two major economies of the Middle East, Israel and the United Arab Emirates, with the more aggressive India and the resident external power of the United States. For the Indo-Pacific quad to be successful, it is necessary to find complementarity among the members, just as the members of the West Asia quad have successfully identified.

Husain Haqqani is the director of the Hudson Institute in South and Central Asia. He was the US Ambassador to Pakistan from 2008 to 2011. Appalna Pande is a Fellow and Director of the Future Initiative for India and South Asia at the Hudson Institute, based in Washington.



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