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Wildlife conference boosts protection for sharks, turtles

The International Wildlife Council has moved to enact some of the most important protections for shark species subject to the fin trade. many turtles, Lizards and frogs are declining in numbers due to the pet trade.

The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora, known by its acronyms CITES, ended in Panama on Friday. In addition to protecting more than 500 species, representatives of the United Nations Wildlife Council rejected proposals that: resume the ivory tradeIn 1989 an ivory ban was enacted.

File – A confiscated shark fin is shown at a press conference in Doral, Fla., Feb. 6, 2020. The International Conference on Trade in Endangered Species concludes in Panama on Friday, November 25, 2022, with over 500 protected species established. Race.

Wilfred Lee/AP

“Good news from CITES is good news for wildlife, because the treaty is one of the pillars of international conservation and will help address the interconnected global crises of biodiversity collapse, climate change and pandemics. It is essential in ensuring that nations come together to fight.” President of International Policy at the Wildlife Conservation Society.

“Many of the proposals adopted here reflect the ongoing over-exploitation and unsustainable trade and escalating Some are due to a complex interplay of other threats that reduce species populations due to habitat loss,” she added.

of International Wildlife Trade ConventionAdopted 49 years ago in Washington, DC.

But its limitations include relying on cash-strapped developing countries to combat illegal trade, which generates $10 billion in annual revenue.

One of our biggest achievements this year was the increase or conservation of over 90 shark species, including 54 Requiem Sharks, Bonnethead Sharks, 3 Hammerhead Sharks and 37 Guitarfish. Many countries previously had no trade protection but now have commerce regulated under Annex II.

The world’s shark population is declining, and fishing kills about 100 million people a year. Sharks are mostly sought after for the fins used in shark fin soup, a popular delicacy in China and other parts of Asia.

“These species are threatened by unsustainable and unregulated fishing for international trade in meat and fins, resulting in significant population declines. We can only allow trade if it is not detrimental to the survival of species in the wild, giving these species the help they need to recover from overexploitation.”

The meeting also Dozens of species of turtles, lizards and frogs Includes glass frogs whose translucent skin made them popular in the pet industry. Some species of songbirds also received trade protection.

“Already under enormous pressure from habitat loss, climate change and disease, the growing trade in unmanaged grass frogs is exacerbating existing threats to the species.” , said Daniel Kessler, U.S. Director of the International Fund for Animal Welfare. I have to.”

However, some of the more controversial proposals were not approved.

Some African countries and conservation groups wanted to ban the hippopotamus trade. However, the European Union, some African countries and some conservation groups have objected, arguing that many countries have healthy hippo populations and that trade is not a factor in hippo declines.

“Globally cherished mammals such as rhinoceros, hippopotamus, elephants and leopards did not receive more protection at this conference, but many wonderful eccentrics scored conservation victories. ‘ said Tanya Sanerib, International Legal Director of the Center for Biodiversity, in a statement. “We need a global consensus to fight for all species, even in the midst of heartbreaking and controversial extinction crises.”

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