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HomeDiplomacyWhat Does the US-China AI Rivalry Mean For Southeast Asia? – The...

What Does the US-China AI Rivalry Mean For Southeast Asia? – The Diplomat

The development of artificial intelligence (AI) has become a competition between nations, and winners are expected to play a major role in defining and controlling the future. Economically and geopolitically.. The United States and China are the leading candidates in this competition, and they are moving forward based on their competitive advantages.The United States has cutting-edge hardware, research and talent, and China has Large swarm of AI-enabled data It has a strong political will to promote and succeed in technological development.

The superiority of these two countries in the technology sector will undoubtedly have a strategic impact on Southeast Asia. Southeast Asia relies primarily on the import and use of AI technology from the United States and China. What does it mean to choose technology in one country over another? Will Southeast Asian countries face issues related to digital colonization and national sovereignty?

Some scholars say Southeast Asia Test site And the gateway to the expansion of China as a superpower. In fact, China is increasingly attracting attention from Southeast Asians as the region’s most influential economic power and politically and strategically most influential country.

China’s Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) is a $ 1 trillion international infrastructure program spanning approximately 140 countries and is part of a plan to increase global influence. An important part of BRI is reaching the digital space via the Digital Silk Road (DSR). The key components of DSR (5G technology, large data centers, investments in AI, satellite navigation systems) will have a significant impact on data privacy, national security and global governance of cyberspace. Observers have expressed concern about cyber espionage and cyber security. These technological advances will allow the Chinese government to access, analyze and abuse large datasets in BRI recipient countries in real time. In addition, think tanks and scholars have warned about China.Authoritarian exports“”Political non-liberal exports,”or”Authoritative capitalismWorldwide through the distribution of Chinese technology.

The debate over China’s geopolitical risks of achieving global dominance with AI is a power struggle between the United States and China. Liberal Democracy and Digital Authoritarian Confrontation.. However, while the United States is often regarded as a more benign force, in the case of the United States, concerns about the overshoot of the Chinese state apply and there is a great deal of overlap.

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The Edward Snowden’s 2013 RevelationA former contractor of US intelligence, has revealed the impressive breadth and depth of Washington’s global surveillance and cyber espionage activities. A particularly powerful example is the PRISM program. This enables regular, large volumes of data collection from major major technology companies. But while these revelations have shaken the world, privacy concerns about AI-enabled automated mass surveillance remain unresolved.

In discourse on AI geopolitics, some scholars Theoretical lens of digital or data colonization It analyzes the location of the Global North and Global South and lists how algorithms can be used to suppress, exploit, and dispose of vulnerable populations.

However, AI experts and scholars said in a recent interview with Engage Media. Research on AI governance in Southeast Asia Focusing on national sovereignty has pointed out that the forces of the state and the market divert us from looking at the problem as a whole as a complex interaction that works together and opposes each other.

Respondents acknowledge that data flows primarily to China and the United States, and Southeast Asia relies on technology from two AI superpowers, which could be detrimental to countries in the region. However, some experts say that data utilization occurs with or without involvement. Of foreign companies. They said that Southeast Asian data protection regulations are weak or non-existent, so similar harm from misuse of data collection will occur with local players in any case.

Therefore, focus on building a strong local regulatory and policy foundation so that data protection and technology use do not depend on the ethics or goodwill of Americans, Chinese, or other technology owners. Is more important. Nation.

It is also important to recognize that Southeast Asian countries have institutions to select the technology to use and negotiate favorable terms.Several Survey respondents When asked about the impact of technology competition between the United States and China, he hinted at this. Their position was that Southeast Asian countries would decide what was best for them in terms of price, function, or strategy.

for example, Case study on Alibaba’s activities in Malaysia Malaysia argues that working with Alibaba (including the Digital Free Trade Area and Alibaba’s City Brain Smart City Program) will provide real economic and infrastructure benefits despite geographical and privacy concerns. doing. In this study, other countries conclude that “the quality of games in Southeast Asia needs to be desperately improved” and that “counter-China government-controlled initiatives and DSRs are not an appropriate strategy.” I attached it.

A Learn from ISEAS in Singapore-The Yusof Ishak Institute on 5G adoption in the region shows Southeast Asian countries showing varying levels of confidence in China, with the Philippines, Vietnam and Singapore having the lowest, while Laos and Cambodia have Chinese providers. It shows that it has the highest priority. Despite high confidence in China in 2019, telecommunications providers in the region appear to have diversified vendor choices in 2020. US restrictions on Chinese technology.. At the moment, Nokia (Finland) and Ericsson (Sweden), Huawei and ZTE (both China) are the largest players in Southeast Asia’s 5G landscape, and US companies (Altiostar, Cisco, Qualcomm) have a significant presence. Is not …

In the short term, the US-China competition in the region will provide Southeast Asian countries with more power to negotiate better terms than they would otherwise, and more to balance their own interests. May offer choices. But in the long run, the divergence of Chinese and American technology, standards and norms will lead to the decline of multilateralism. This can be a disadvantage for weak countries. No bargaining power Or the enforcement function of the block. In addition, international efforts to develop common norms can permeate local law and fail.

Southeast Asian countries need to identify and find ways to address some of the unique weaknesses and challenges that undermine their ability to plan and support the adoption of AI technology. This allows them to enjoy the benefits of AI on their terms and find their place in the future AI ecosystem dominated by two superpowers.

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