Throughout its history, Bhutan has often been sandwiched between various imperial armies. It has consistently navigated complex geopolitical environments. survive and thrive As the most peaceful country in South Asia. However, Bhutan now faces new challenges in a world of heightened political tensions affecting trade and economic interdependence.
Bhutan finds itself ‘asymmetricallyChina and India, two large and resource-hungry neighbors, maintain important trading ties with each other despite their geopolitical differences. Bhutan has historically been more Indian-leaning as a result of British imperial policies in the region.according to Conflict between India and ChinaBhutan cannot take advantage of its location and benefit from both neighbors.
Analysis of Bhutan’s diplomatic relations has typically focused on three determinants: economic factors, bilateral relations with India, and threats from China. However, this analysis overemphasizes China and India’s mutual perceptions and prospects and largely overlooks Bhutan’s own foreign policy initiatives.
Bhutan’s foreign policy trajectory can also read Project your own endogenous initiative in two additional important ways. Bhutan has expanded formal diplomatic relations, gradually joined international organizations and multilateral fora, and has progressed through various stages that have been driven by national priorities and obligations. Bhutan is not a country that is geographically close, but rather a “distance” to a country that has narrowed the “distance” due to common ground stemming from common attributes such as similar size, Buddhist ethos, and environmental values. We have built connections and expanded relationships to reduce the
Second, Bhutan’s foreign policy has been guided to avoid direct involvement in the politics of the great power. In this, Bhutan demonstrates a ‘learning’ of what not to do, in contrast to the examples of other groups in the region. Nepal.
Bhutan has chosen not to antagonize either of its neighbors,friendshipIt plays an important role in diplomatic relations with India.relationship between Bhutan and India From infrastructure connectivity, counter-insurgency cooperation and hydropower to commemorating the historic relationship between the leaders of the two countries. A treaty of friendship between the two countries, renegotiated in 2007, removed the imperial-era clause on seeking leadership from India. This was an important step in granting Bhutan autonomy in conducting foreign affairs.
Bhutan is also committed to the “One China” policy and has not adopted any stance that could provoke China. A key aspect of Bhutan’s diplomacy is the judicious use of silence to mitigate the crisis. 2017 Doklam CrisisBhutan is able to maintain good relations with its neighbors by avoiding offensive public statements that fuel nationalist sentiment and polarize domestic politics. Bhutan is often cited as a net provider of security in a region where hostilities would otherwise escalate.
Bhutan restricts fully formal diplomatic relations, but in various ways: Development and technical effortsit involves multiple and fruitful important state. Fast growing Bhutanese diaspora in Australia, coinciding with the restructuring of Bhutan’s civil service bureaucracy, will be a notable development in the coming years. Beyond India and China, Bhutan has pursued various strategies to build ties. Paradiplomatic level, and with other small countrieseither in the neighborhood (such as Bangladesh) or far away.
The country has “hyphenated” its external relations by engaging with its adversaries, seeking complementarity, finding points of mutual interest and making effective use of multilateral fora.like in bhutan foreign policy objectives Much like acting on the international stage, but credible and ordinary entrepreneur It puts issues such as protecting the environment and improving well-being on the global agenda.
Bhutan’s foreign policy focuses on sovereignty and security, including human and environmental security. but, Fear of Chinese invasion Although encroachment into Bhutan’s territory is generally seen as the only traditional security threat facing Bhutan, climate change and environmental destruction also pose significant threats to Bhutan. Another threat it faced in the past came from anti-Indian rebels who took refuge in the southern woods and were displaced in an operation led by the 4th King himself.
In recent years, there has been a historic move toward resolving the border issue between Bhutan and China. 3 step roadmap Facilitate boundary negotiations signed in 2021. This is an essential goal for Bhutan. Its borders with India were only finalized in her 2006, and have dwindled in size over the centuries with multiple, sometimes overlapping, imperial invasions. Border negotiations with China began in 1984 but were inconclusive as they involved strategic areas for India such as the Siliguri Corridor.
Bhutan faces continued uncertainty and risk due to unresolved border issues. Bhutan’s actions to resolve these issues, such as facilitating the resolution of border issues with China, are in Bhutan’s sovereign interests and should not be viewed as anti-India.
The best way to deal with repeated aggression and potential escalation of hostilities is for key regional and international actors to help resolve border negotiations between Bhutan and China. Once this issue is resolved, Bhutan will have a stable situation to pursue its ambition to become a bridge of harmony between India and China.
*About the author: Nitasha Kaul is Associate Professor of Political Science and International Relations at the Center for Democratic Studies, University of Westminster, London.she work It relates to various aspects of Bhutan’s history, politics and geopolitics. She recently published an article ‘Beyond India and China: Bhutan as a Small Country in International Relations‘.
Source: This article East Asia Forum