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Arbitrary detentions and forcible conscriptions of peaceful protesters

September 21, 2022. The International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH) and the Memorial Center for Human Rights Defenders (HRDC Memorial) have announced that he will participate in a national campaign held across Russia on September 21 to oppose the “partial mobilization” announced by Vladimir Putin. We strongly condemn the crackdown that followed the protests. Arbitrary mass arrests of peaceful demonstrators, direct military conscription of some of the detainees, are incompatible with respect for basic civil and political rights.

The International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH) and the Memorial Human Rights Center (HRDC Memorial) urge Russia to release all peaceful protesters detained in connection with the September 21, 2022 protests and We demand that all charges be dropped and that citizens be free to exercise their rights. Fundamental rights such as freedom of assembly, freedom of expression and the right not to be arbitrarily restrained. The two organizations also call on the United Nations Human Rights Council (HCR) to adopt a resolution at its fifty-first session creating a mandate for the UN Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in the Russian Federation.

Russia is more repressive than in the post-Soviet era

Ilya Nuzov, head of FIDH’s Eastern Europe and Central Asia Desk, commented: The use of violence and a string of criminal articles to prosecute the slightest dissent. FIDH therefore called for a stronger international response to address the human rights crisis in Russia affecting international peace and security. I’m here. ”

“Since the beginning of the war in Ukraine, to control and suppress society, the authorities have filed more than 100 criminal cases,” said Alexander Cherkasov, head of the HRDC Memorial. I have drafted a thousand protocols. On September 21, Russia entered a new phase of escalating not only war but also domestic repression. Yesterday’s demonstration reflected the sentiments of an important segment of Russian society. They don’t approve of war. they need help. ”

FIDH and HRDC Memorial are concerned by reports such as: Many detainees forced to sign mobilization summonsesIf they fail to appear at the military enlistment office, Russians face administrative charges and up to two years’ imprisonment under Article 328 of the Russian Criminal Code. Recalling that the right to conscientious objection to military service is a legitimate exercise of the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion. Article 18 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights.

Background: National protests on September 21, 2022

On September 21, 2022, nationwide protests took place across Russia in response to the “partial mobilization” announced by President Vladimir Putin. Many protesters chanted anti-war slogans, risked hefty fines, arrests, and prosecution under new provisions of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation, prohibiting discrediting the military. Regardless, some protesters who were detained were charged with violating Russian administrative law for violating rules governing mass gatherings.

human rights project OVD information There were numerous reported cases of baton beatings, kicks, and other violence against peaceful protesters in custody. The project also reports the illegal detention of nine journalists and his 33 minors. Many of the detained men were ordered to appear at the military enlistment office. Despite the peaceful nature of the demonstration, some protesters who were detained were charged with violating administrative law for violating the rules governing mass gatherings in Russia.

Subpoena issued without military service history

On the morning of September 21, Russian President Vladimir Putin announced a “partial mobilization” in Russia. In a speech to the Russians, Putin said that from September 21, “only citizens in reserves” will be subject to mobilization, while Defense Minister Sergey Shoigu said that the target is his 300,000 announced that it was to conscript It is already known that this is not the case and subpoenas have been distributed to everyone the authorities can reach.

On September 20, one day before the mobilization was announced, in second and third readings, members of the House of Representatives passed a new amendment to the Criminal Code that strengthens punishments for refusing to fight. Under the new rules, desertion could be punished with up to 10 years in prison, refusal to join the war could be punished with up to 3 years, and voluntary surrender to the enemy could be punished with up to 10 years. I have. In addition, the Criminal Code was amended to add the concepts of “mobilization” and “martial law” (the new amendments did not introduce mobilization itself into Russia).

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