Police fired tear gas after riots erupted at an Indonesian football match in East Java, where Persebaya Surabaya defeated Arema Marang 3-2. More than 170 people were killed, most trampled, police said on Sunday in panic and rushes to exits. Let’s take a look at some of the major crowd disasters of recent decades.
December 3, 1979: Eleven people died as thousands of fans flocked to The Who’s concert at Cincinnati’s Riverfront Coliseum.
January 20, 1980: About 200 spectators died after a makeshift four-story wooden stadium collapsed during a bullfight in Siselejo, Colombia.
October 20, 1982: Sixty-six people were crushed to death by crowds of fans during the UEFA Cup match between Spartak Moscow and Haarlem in the Netherlands at Moscow’s Luzhniki Stadium. May 28, 1985 — Fan violence killed 39 of him in his 1985 European Cup final between Liverpool and Juventus at Heysel Stadium in Brussels.
March 13, 1988: Thousands of football fans rushed to the exit of a locked stadium to escape a sudden hailstorm in Kathmandu, Nepal, killing 93 people.
April 15, 1989: Ninety-seven people were killed and hundreds injured as fans poured into the overcrowded Hillsborough Stadium in Sheffield, England. One of his victims died of aspiration pneumonia in 2021. He was left defenseless due to injuries sustained in the disaster.
July 2, 1990: During Saudi Arabia’s annual pilgrimage to Mecca, 1,426 Muslim pilgrims, mostly from Asia, died in and around the long pedestrian tunnel that runs from Mecca to Mina.
January 13, 1991: 42 dead as fans escape brawl at South Africa’s Oppenheimer Stadium.
May 23, 1994: 270 Muslim pilgrims died in Hajj clashes.
November 23, 1994: 113 people have died in panic during political protests in Nagpur, India.
October 16, 1996 84 people were killed and 147 injured as panicked fans were crushed and suffocated before Guatemala and Costa Rica’s World Cup qualifiers in Guatemala City.
April 9, 1998: 118 Hajj pilgrims died after pilgrims were crushed on a bridge in Mecca.
April 11, 2001: At least 43 people were crushed to death during a soccer match at Ellis Park in Johannesburg, South Africa.
May 9, 2001: Police fired tear gas at a stadium in Accra, Ghana, killing more than 120 people and causing panic.
February 17, 2003: Twenty-one people were crushed to death at the exit of the stairs to Chicago’s E2 nightclub.
February 20, 2003: Fireworks exploded during the Great White Concert at The Station Nightclub in Warwick, Rhode Island, causing a fire that killed 100 people and injured more than 200.
February 1, 2004: At least 251 people have died in panic during pilgrimage ceremonies at the Jamarat Bridge near Makkah.
January 25, 2005: At least 265 Hindu pilgrims have died in a panic near the Mandradevi temple in Maharashtra, India.
August 31, 2005: At least 640 Shia pilgrims in Baghdad died in the Tigris River after a bridge railing collapsed during a religious procession.
January 12, 2006: 345 killed in panic among Muslim pilgrims during Hajj ritual near Makkah.
February 4, 2006: At the PhilSports Arena in Manila, Philippines, 78 people were killed in a panic waiting to audition for a TV variety show.
September 30, 2008: At least 168 dead and 100 injured as thousands of Hindu pilgrims panicked at a temple in Jodhpur, India.
July 24, 2010: Twenty-one people died and more than 650 were injured in a packed tunnel that was the only access point to the Love Parade music festival in Duisburg, Germany.
November 22, 2010: More than 340 people died and hundreds were injured in panic at a festival in Cambodia’s capital Phnom Penh.
January 27, 2013: More than 200 people have died in a fire at the Kiss nightclub in Santa Maria, Brazil.
September 24, 2015: At least 2,411 Muslim pilgrims have been crushed to death during their pilgrimage to Mecca in Saudi Arabia.
April 30, 2021: At least 45 people have been killed and dozens injured in panic during Israel’s annual Mount Meron pilgrimage.
November 5, 2021: At a music festival in Houston, fans flooded the stage during a performance by rapper Travis Scott, causing panic and leaving 10 dead and many more injured.
October 1, 2022: At least 174 people were killed and more than 100 injured after police fired tear gas and flooded exits after a riot broke out after a football match in Indonesia.